As from the previous blog, we understood the basics of Research. Now, we will explore the process of doing research.
1- Understanding Research: Firstly, understand what research basically is.
2- Review Different Research Area: Then, Have a per review over the different areas of research that are possible in your field & try to find new research trends, by review scholarly material or exploring information over internet (Note: every materials provided on internet cannot be consider scholarly, but at least you can get basic information or initial information regarding any possible research areas and trends). Doing this, do not go through deep understanding of every area, a little upper peek to have proper understanding about areas would be fine.
Try to get answer of question given below.
I: What is this Research area contributing to world?
II: Do you really have great INTEREST in exploring this research area? (Note: this is very important question that needed to be answered, as a researcher never do research work other than your interest)
III: Is there any scope of new research trends in this research area?
3- Finding Problems: After having a look over different areas, now you might have selected an area that you need to research on and have interest in it. So further, now narrowing the flow, explore more about selected research area. Try to find complications in that particular area that needed to be rectified doing research. Go through scholarly materials for understanding of problems in depth to have a proper understanding of all problems under the research area. And then select the problem.
4- Defining your Research Work (/Research problem): now after finding define and aim your research work.
The definition of the problem consists of the following components:
- The goal of the research (what do I hope to achieve with the research?)
- The research questions (what knowledge do I need to achieve this objective?)
5- Literature Review: Now, a thorough study is required which can be achieved by studying peer-reviewed materials and scholarly publication on the research problem.
Steps in literature Review:
I: a proper study and analysis of all scholarly materials related to research problems
II: then a proper study of available solution on the research domain. (It is not necessary to have available solution, but knowledge is too vast, many researchers have already done researches in various different fields so there is a big probability of finding a prior solution)
III: analysis of every solution available (if you don’t find any prior solution, then you need to develop first solution to the problem)
IV: Find pros and cons of every solution available.
V: go through every statistical data available. (Data can be gathered by implementing current solution and also to proper understanding)
6- Proposing new Solution: After having a proper understanding of problem with their current solution, it’s time to derive a solution which can overcome the cons of other solution previously available and try to have most of pros of them. Apart from this, if there is no solution available you can derive your own first solution which can help in rectifying the problem and overcome the flaws of the system.
7- Implementation: after designing proposed model, implementation of design is carried out. It can be done either by real world entities or by simulation according to need and availability.
8- Research Report: Every research at the end needs a proper documentation part. A proper report of Research which consists of your research’s every minute detail from literature study to practical implementation; everything should be covered while documenting the Research work. Every Result with all advantage and disadvantage of your research should be included in report.